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Low-delay vector excitation coding of speech at 16 kb/s

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4 Author(s)
Cuperman, V. ; Sch. of Eng., Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC, Canada ; Gersho, A. ; Pettigrew, R. ; Jey-Hsin Yao

The need for a 16-kb/s speech coding algorithm that has very low coding delay while achieving essentially the same high quality as the 32-kb/s adaptive differential pulse code modulation (ADPCM) standard G.721 is addressed. The authors describe low-delay vector excitation coding (LD-VXC), a new coding algorithm which provides high quality with less than 2 ms of coding delay and is robust to transmission errors. The algorithm combines techniques such as vector quantization, analysis-by-synthesis, and perceptual weighting together with backward adaptive linear predictive encoding, and uses a novel long-term predictor employing backward adaptive pitch tracking. Perceptually based nose shaping and postfiltering contribute to the masking of audible quantization noise

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Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 1 )