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A new class of differential log-domain filters based on common-mode feedback (CMFB) is demonstrated. Conditions for adding CMFB to differential log-domain integrators while preserving external linearity are derived. Because signals within differential log-domain circuits are nonlinear, the definition of "common-mode" in these circuits is not unique. Three possible definitions are explored, and each is illustrated with a simple but practical circuit. The circuits provide large CMFB loop gain, which forces common-mode signals to follow a desired nonlinear function. This allows closed-form expressions for the nonlinear internal signals to be derived, which is highly advantageous for design. Second-order filters using CMFB were compared to filters without CMFB through simulation and through measurements of fabricated filters. Adding CMFB is shown to allow greatly increased undistorted signal swings.
Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:51 , Issue: 2 )
Date of Publication: Feb. 2004