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This paper addresses the allocation of electrical losses in distribution networks with embedded generation, in a liberalized environment. The nonlinear nature of the issue, the loss changes due to voltage variation and, specially, the contribution of embedded generation to loss variation are considered. The proposed method is based on tracing the real and imaginary parts of the currents and has two steps. First, the losses in the distribution network, in the absence of embedded generation, are allocated to the consumers (or their providers). Second, the variations in the losses that result from the influence of embedded generation are allocated to the generators. These variations are a measure of the avoided or added costs related to losses. In the allocation process, made in a branch basis, both real and reactive powers are considered. The methodology presented in this paper can be used to evaluate embedded generation incentives or to design tariffs for the use of the distribution network.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2004