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Spatial and temporal profiling of protrusion in magnetic recording heads

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10 Author(s)
Nikitin, V. ; Hitachi Global Storage Technol., San Jose, CA, USA ; Gider, S. ; Tabib, Jila ; Hsiao, D.
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An increase in external temperature or internal heating by writing can induce protrusion or strain of thin film layers in a magnetic recording head. To profile the protrusion, the surface topography and the temperature distribution are imaged in fixed heads by scanning probe and optical microscopy. Near the poles and the shields, the protrusion is at a peak, producing a risk of head-disk interaction. The dynamics are elucidated in flying heads over a disk by measuring the amplitude of a reference pattern with the read head. The temporal profiling technique can be applied both in component testing on spinstands and reliability testing in fully integrated disk drives. For either heating or cooling of the heads, the characteristic time constant for protrusion is 100 μs and reaches 95% of the plateau after 1 ms. The protrusion is linear with temperature and is reversible, implying that the strains are within the elastic limit. Furthermore, variation of the write pulse shape suggests that Joule heating is more significant than eddy current or hysteresis losses in inducing protrusion.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 1 )