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The adoption of dynamic dividers in CMOS phase-locked loops for multigigahertz applications allows to reduce the power consumption substantially without impairing the phase noise and the power supply sensitivity of the phase-locked loop (PLL). A 5-GHz frequency synthesizer integrated in a 0.25-μm CMOS technology demonstrates a total power consumption of 13.5 mW. The frequency divider combines the conventional and the extended true-single-phase-clock logics. The oscillator employs a rail-to-rail topology in order to ensure a proper divider function. This PLL intended for wireless LAN applications can synthesize frequencies between 5.14 and 5.70 GHz in steps of 20 MHz. The reference spurs at 10-MHz offset are as low as -70 dBc and the phase noise is lower than -116 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz over the whole tuning range.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2004