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This paper presents an overview of the state-of-the-art of hybrid mode-matching (MM)/finite-element (FE)/method-of-moments (MoM)/finite-difference (FD) techniques applied for the rigorous, fast computer-aided design and optimization of waveguide components, combline filters, and coupled horns, as well as of slot arrays, and describes some recent advances. Related aspects involve the inclusion of coaxial and dielectric structures for related filters, the extension to multiports at cross-coupled filters, the rigorous consideration of outer and Inner mutual coupling effects at coupled horn and slot arrays, the application of the multilevel fast multipole algorithm for the more efficient MoM calculation part of horns and horn clusters, and the utilization of the MoM for the design of arbitrarily shaped three-dimensional waveguide elements. The described hybrid techniques combine advantageously the efficiency of the MM method with the flexibility of FE, MoM, and FD methods. Topical application examples demonstrate the versatility of the hybrid techniques; their accuracy is verified by available measurements.