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Bayesian shape localization for face recognition using global and local textures

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6 Author(s)
Shuicheng Yan ; Dept. of Inf. Sci., Peking Univ., Beijing, China ; Xiaofei He ; Yuxiao Hu ; Hongjiang Zhang
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We present a fully automatic system for face recognition in databases, with only a small number of samples (even a single sample) for each individual. The shape localization problem is formulated in the Bayesian framework. In the learning stage, the RankBoost approach is introduced to model the likelihood of local features associated with the fiducial point, while preserving the prior ranking order between the ground truth position and its neighbors; in the inferring stage, a simple efficient iterative algorithm is proposed to uncover the MAP shape by locally modeling the likelihood distribution around each fiducial point. Based on the accurately located fiducial points, two popular mutual enhancing texture features for human face representation are automatically extracted and integrated: global texture features, which are the normalized shape-free gray-level values enclosed in the mean shape: local texture features, which are represented by Gabor wavelets extracted at the fiducial points (eye corners, mouth, etc.). Global texture mainly encodes the low-frequency information of a face, while local texture encodes the local high-frequency components. Extensive experiments illustrate that our proposed shape localization approach significantly improves the shape location accuracy, robustness, and face recognition rate; moreover, experiments conducted on the FERET and Yale databases show that our algorithm outperforms the classical eigenfaces and fisherfaces, as well as other approaches utilizing shape and global and local textures.

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Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 1 )