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Noninvasive measurement of torque development in the rat foot: measurement setup and results from stimulation of the sciatic nerve with polyimide-based cuff electrodes

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5 Author(s)
T. Stieglitz ; Fraunhofer Inst. for Biomed. Eng., Sankt Ingbert, Germany ; M. Schuettler ; A. Schneider ; E. Valderrama
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In neural rehabilitation, selective activation of muscles after electrical stimulation is mandatory for control of paralyzed limbs. For an evaluation of electrode selectivity, a setup to noninvasively measure the force development after electrical stimulation in the rat foot was developed. The setup was designed in accordance to the anatomical features of the rat model to test the isometric torque development at given ankle positions in an intact leg. In this paper, the setup design and development is presented and discussed. In a first study, the selectivity of small nerve cuffs with 12 electrodes implanted around the rat sciatic nerve was investigated. Special attention was drawn to the performance of the torque measurement setup in comparison to electrophysiological data obtained from compound muscle action potential recordings. Using one cuff around the nerve, electrical stimulation on different electrode tripoles led to plantarflexion and dorsiflexion of the foot without an a priori alignment of the cuff.

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IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 4 )