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A switched-capacitor (SC) bandpass interpolating filter is proposed with the capability of achieving, simultaneously, channel selection and frequency up-translation, together with sampling rate increase, in a multirate configuration at high frequency. This filter has been designed for efficient use in a direct-digital frequency synthesis (DDFS) system with considerable rewards in terms of speed reduction of the digital core plus the digital-to-analog converter (DAC), as well as in the relaxation of the continuous-time (CT) smoothing filter order. It exhibits a 15-tap finite impulse response (FIR), with a bandpass frequency response centered at 57 MHz and a stop-band rejection higher than 45 dB. At the same time, it translates 22-24 MHz input signals at 80 MS/s, to the frequency range of 56-58 MHz in the output at 320 MS/s, allowing also a perfect operation at 400 MS/s, in 0.35-μm CMOS technology. To implement a specific multi-notch FIR function, the filter architecture will comprise an effective low-speed polyphase-based interpolation structure with autozeroing capability, high-speed SC circuitry with fast opamps, and also ultra-low timing-skew multiple phase generation in order to achieve high-performance operation at high frequency. The prototype ICs present a signal-to-noise-and-distortion ratio (SNDR) of 61 dB, with a dynamic range of 69 dB, for 1% THD, and 61 dB, for 1% IM3. It consumes 2 mm2 of active silicon area, 120 mW (analog) and 16 mW (digital) power, with a single 2.5-V supply, which corresponds to 8.6 mW of analog power per zero.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2004