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Exploiting equivalence reduction and the sweep-line method for detecting terminal states

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4 Author(s)
Billington, J. ; Comput. Syst. Eng. Centre, Univ. of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA, Australia ; Gallasch, G.E. ; Kristensen, L.M. ; Mailund, T.

State-space exploration is one of the main approaches to computer-aided verification and analysis of finite-state systems. It is used to reason about a wide range of properties during the design phase of a system, including system deadlocks. Unfortunately, state-space exploration needs to handle huge state spaces for most practical systems. Several state-space reduction methods have been developed to tackle this problem. In this paper, we develop algorithms for combining two of these methods: state equivalence class reduction and the sweep-line. The algorithms allow deadlocks to be detected by recording terminal states of the system on-the-fly during state-space exploration. We derive expressions for the complexity of the algorithms and demonstrate their usefulness with an industrial case study. Our results show that the combined method achieves at least a six-fold reduction of the state space for interesting parameter values compared with either method used in isolation while still proving the desired system property of the terminal states. The runtime performance of the combined method is almost the same as that of the equivalence class method over the chosen parameter range. Moreover, the improvement in space reduction increases with increased parameter values.

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Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A: Systems and Humans, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 1 )