Skip to Main Content
Distributed hash tables (DHTs), used in a number of current peer-to-peer systems, provide efficient mechanisms for resource location. Systems such as Chord, Pastry, CAN, and Tapestry provide strong guarantees that queries in the overlay network can be resolved in a bounded number of overlay hops, while preserving load balance among the peers. A key distinction in these systems is the way they handle locality in the underlying network. Topology-based node identifier assignment, proximity routing, and proximity neighbor selection are examples of heuristics used to minimize message delays in the underlying network. We investigate the use of source IP addresses to enhance locality in overlay networks based on DHTs. We first show that a naive use of source IP address potentially leads to severe resource imbalance due to nonuniformity of peers over the IP space. We then present an effective caching scheme that combines a segment of the source IP with the queried hash-code to localize access and affect replication effectively. Using detailed experiments, we show that this scheme achieves performance gains of up to 41%, when compared to Pastry in combination with the proximity neighbor selection heuristic.