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Direct Web switch routing with state migration, TCP masquerade, and cookie name rewriting

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4 Author(s)
Ying-Dar Lin ; Dept. of Comput. & Inf. Sci., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Ping-Tsai Tsai ; Po-Ching Lin ; Ching-Ming Tien

Existing layer 4 load balancers are content-blind and often have difficulty in redirecting HTTP requests to the appropriate server in the session manner. Layer 7 load balancers, also referred to as Web switches, are content-aware and support session persistence. However, most Web switches employ a bidirectional architecture, which means that request and response traffic must both pass through the load balancer. This means a Web switch can easily become a bottleneck. We present a direct routing architecture to prevent response traffic from passing through the Web switch. Our solution is highly scalable in the number of back-end servers. In addition, two simple but effective mechanisms, one-packet TCP state migration and cookie name rewriting to packet filter, are presented to support persistent connection and session persistence. Through the external benchmark, we prove that our system outperforms existing solutions. The internal benchmark investigates the bottlenecks of our system and suggests areas for future improvement.

Published in:

Global Telecommunications Conference, 2003. GLOBECOM '03. IEEE  (Volume:7 )

Date of Conference:

1-5 Dec. 2003