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A subharmonically pumped (SHP) mixer with very low conversion loss is proposed. The mixer employed the newly developed spiral compact microstrip resonant cell (SCMRC) and compact dual-band stub (DBS). Incorporating the in-line SCMRC and DBS into a second SHP mixer, we can provide proper terminations for the IF, RF, and local-oscillator (LO) signal simultaneously in addition to all major unwanted mixing products, leading to a unique low conversion-loss design. Our SHP mixer with a measured 3.9-dB single-sideband (SSB) down-conversion loss at 11.6-GHz RF signal outperforms typical designs of 8-12 dB, and represents a state-of-the-art performance for a planar X-band harmonic mixer. With a broad-band operation, our mixer shows an SSB down-conversion loss of less than 8.2 dB from 9 to 12.8 GHz. Moreover, the measured LO-RF isolation is better than 45 dB for LO frequency ranges of 4-5.8 GHz. Large-signal two-tone measurements reveal an excellent linear response of the working prototype, showing 7.5 dBm and 52 dB for the 1- dB power compression point and spurious-free dynamic range, respectively.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:51 , Issue: 12 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 2003