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This paper presents a new method to adapt the quality-of-service (QoS) in a wideband code-division multiple-access (WCDMA) system, called radio network feedback (RNF). The concept of RNF is in general applicable to all the services requiring a minimum quality (i.e., non best effort) and in this paper, the focus is on streaming. In this context, RNF makes it possible for a streaming server to adapt its source bit rate to a WCDMA radio link, whose bandwidth may vary in time due, for example, to decongestion/congestion situations over the air interface or to handover. This is very beneficial for the end user as it allows to increase the bandwidth (i.e., the quality) when possible and to decrease it (instead of just dropping the service) when needed. RNF was compared with Client-based adaptation solutions. Simulation results show that RNF is fast and accurate and performs better than Client-based adaptation. For example, rebuffering occurs only with Client-based method. Moreover, with RNF the up-switch is performed only when needed, whereas the up-switch performed by means of the Client-based method is often erroneous and may annoy the end user.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2003