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Raman amplifier model in single-mode optical fiber

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2 Author(s)
Mandelbaum, I. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Columbia Univ., New York, NY, USA ; Bolshtyansky, M.

Equations to describe the process of Raman amplification in single-mode optical fiber and Stokes and anti-Stokes spontaneous emission generation with conservation of photon number are derived from first principles. The numerical simulation of Stokes and anti-Stokes spontaneous emission is in good agreement with experimental results. The importance of the sometimes-omitted anti-Stokes spontaneous emission terms in wavelength-division-multiplexed situations for optical signal-to-noise ratio is demonstrated by the simulation of light propagation through transmission fiber with and without Raman amplification.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 12 )

Date of Publication:

Dec. 2003

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