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A case study of parallel I/O for biological sequence search on Linux clusters

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4 Author(s)
Yifeng Zhu ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA ; Hong Jiang ; Xiao Qin ; Swanson, D.

In this paper we analyze the I/O access patterns of a widely-used biological sequence search tool and implement two variations that employ parallel-I/O for data access based on PVFS (Parallel Virtual File System) and CEFT-PVFS (cost-effective fault-tolerant PVFS). Experiments show that the two variations outperform the original tool when equal or even fewer storage devices are used in the former. It is also found that although the performance of the two variations improves consistently when initially increasing the number of servers, this performance gain from parallel I/O becomes insignificant with further increase in server number. We examine the effectiveness of two read performance optimization techniques in CEFT-PVFS by using this tool as a benchmark. Performance results indicate: (1) doubling the degree of parallelism boosts the read performance to approach that of PVFS; and (2) skipping hot-spots can substantially improve the I/O performance when the load on data servers is highly imbalanced. The I/O resource contention due to the sharing of server nodes by multiple applications in a cluster has been shown to degrade the performance of the original tool and the variation based on PVFS by up to 10 and 21 folds, respectively; whereas, the variation based on CEFT-PVFS only suffered a two-fold performance degradation.

Published in:

Cluster Computing, 2003. Proceedings. 2003 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

1-4 Dec. 2003