Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Exploiting value locality in physical register files

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Balakrishnan, S. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI, USA ; Sohi, G.S.

The physical register file is an important component of a dynamically-scheduled processor. Increasing the amount of parallelism places increasing demands on the physical register file, calling for alternative file organization and management strategies. This paper considers the use of value locality to optimize the operation of physical register files. We present empirical data showing that: (i) the value produced by an instruction is often the same as the value produced by another recently executed instruction, resulting in multiple physical registers containing the same value, and (ii) the values 0 and 1 account for a considerable fraction of the values written to and read from physical registers. The paper then presents three schemes to exploit the above observations. The first scheme extends a previously-proposed scheme to use only a single physical register for each unique value. The second scheme is a special case for the values 0 and 1. By restricting optimization to these values, the second scheme eliminated many of the drawbacks of the first scheme. The third scheme further improves on the second, resulting in an optimization that reduces physical register requirements with simple micro-architectural extensions. A performance evaluation of the three schemes is also presented.

Published in:

Microarchitecture, 2003. MICRO-36. Proceedings. 36th Annual IEEE/ACM International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

3-5 Dec. 2003

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.