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New phase-noise model for crystal oscillators: application to the Clapp oscillator

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3 Author(s)
S. Galliou ; Lab. de Chronometrie Electron. et Piezoelectr., Ecole Nat. Superieure de Mecanique et des Microtech., Besancon, France ; F. Sthal ; M. Mourey

Leeson's is the basic model for predicting oscillator noise. A mathematical analysis of this "heuristic" model has been proposed. Both models do not detail the relative importance of the amplifier transfer function associated to its own noise with regard to that of the resonator. In this paper, an improved version of those previous models is presented. The phase noise generated by the amplifier and the one generated by the resonator are differentiated without considering their origins, such as the conversion of amplitude modulation noise into phase modulation noise. The power spectral densities of phase noise at various points of the oscillator loop are calculated from their respective correlation functions. As a consequence, the influence of the inner amplifier and resonator noises on the resulting oscillator noise is predictable. The model is especially attractive to the makers of widely used quartz oscillators. The resulting oscillator noise is easily obtained from the oscillator open-loop noise. An example of the phase-noise modeling of the Clapp quartz crystal oscillator is simulated and discussed.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 11 )