Skip to Main Content
The temperature dependence of the characteristic temperature T0 of semiconductor quantum-well lasers is investigated using detailed simulations. The critical-temperature-dependent processes are the optical gain and the nonradiative recombination. The gain model is based on k · p theory with the multiple quantum wells in the active layer represented by a superlattice. The Auger process is assumed to be thermally activated. It is shown that, with inclusion of the continuum state filling and interband mixing, the most important features experimentally observed in the temperature dependence of the T0 value can be explained. The continuum state filling and band nonparabolicity cause a significant deviation from the ideal linear carrier density versus temperature relation for quantum wells. The results are compared to experiment for broad area devices lasing at 980 nm and 1.3, and 1.55 μm, and show good agreement over a broad range of temperature.