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A detailed investigation of the device operation of a blue-emitting multilayer organic light-emitting device (OLED) using an electronic device model is presented. In particular, a transient electroluminescence overshoot at turn-on is found to originate from charge and recombination confinement effects at internal interfaces. The location of the emission zone is obtained from the electronic model and its experimental determination exemplified by a sensing layer method. Moreover, the optimization of emission intensity and color is discussed for a red-emitting OLED. The thin-film interference effects are analyzed with help of an optical device model.