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Low-threshold-current-density 1.5 mu m lasers using compressively strained InGaAsP quantum wells

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5 Author(s)
Osinski, J.S. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Zou, Y. ; Grodzinski, P. ; Mathur, A.
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A low-threshold current density (J/sub th/) of 140 A/cm/sup 2/ for broad-area 1.5- mu m semiconductor lasers with uncoated facets is demonstrated at a cavity length of 3.5 mm. This was achieved by the use of a single InGaAsP quantum well (QW) of 1.8% compressive strain inside a step-graded InGaAsP waveguide region. Low-cavity losses of 3.5 cm/sup -1/ and a relatively wide quantum well as compared to InGaAs wells of equivalent strain contribute to this high performance. Double QW devices of 2 mm length showed threshold current densities of 241 A/cm/sup 2/. Quaternary single and double QWs of similar width but only 0. 9% strain gave slightly higher threshold current density values, but allowed growth of a 4 QW structure with a J/sub th/ of 324 A/cm/sup 2/ at L=1.5 mm.<>

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 1 )