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Performance evaluation of nonthermal plasma reactors for NO oxidation in diesel engine exhaust gas treatment

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5 Author(s)
Yamamoto, T. ; Dept. of Energy Syst. Eng., Osaka Prefecture Univ., Sakai, Japan ; Rajanikanth, B.S. ; Okubo, M. ; Kuroki, T.
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The discharge plasma-chemical hybrid process for NOx removal from the flue gas emissions is an extremely effective and economical approach in comparison with the conventional selective catalytic reduction system. In this paper we bring out a relative comparison of several discharge plasma reactors from the point of NO removal efficiency. The reactors were either energized by AC or by repetitive pulses. Ferroelectric pellets were used to study the effect of pellet assisted discharges on gas cleaning. Diesel engine exhaust, at different loads, is used to approximately simulate the flue gas composition. Investigations were carried out at room temperature with respect to the variation of reaction products against the discharge power. Main emphasis is laid on the oxidation of NO to NO2, without reducing NOx concentration (i.e., minimum reaction byproducts), with least power consumption. The produced NO2 will be totally converted to N2 and Na2SO4 using Na2SO3. The AC packed-bed reactor and pelletless pulsed corona reactor showed better performance, with minimum reaction products for a given power, when the NO concentration was low (∼100 ppm). When the engine load exceeds 50% (NO>300 ppm) there was not much decrease in NO reduction and more or less all the reactors performed equally. The total operating cost of the plasma-chemical hybrid system becomes $4010/ton of NO, which is 1/3-1/5 of the conventional selective catalytic process.

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Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 6 )