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Different control aspects related to the use of TCSC for stability improvement of power systems are addressed in this paper. A novel hierarchical control designed for both dynamic and steady state stability enhancement is proposed, and a complete analysis is presented of various locally measurable input signals that can be used for the controller. Control strategies to mitigate adverse interactions among the TCSC hierarchical controls are also presented. A simplified model of the Argentinian high voltage interconnected system is used to illustrate the ideas presented in the paper.