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A mathematical model for lead-acid batteries

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3 Author(s)
Salameh, Z.M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Lowell Univ., MA, USA ; Casacca, M.A. ; Lynch, William A.

A mathematical model of a lead-acid battery is presented. This model takes into account self-discharge, battery storage capacity, internal resistance, overvoltage, and environmental temperature. Nonlinear components are used to represent the behavior of the different battery parameters thereby simplifying the model design. The model components are found by using manufacturers specifications and experimental tests. A comparison between the model and experimental results obtained from a battery evaluation test system was used for verification. This model can be used to accurately evaluate battery performance in electrical systems

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Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 1 )