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Attentional sequence-based recognition: Markovian and evidential reasoning

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3 Author(s)
C. Soyer ; Inst. of Biomed. Eng., Bogazici Univ., Istanbul, Turkey ; H. I. Bozma ; Y. Istefanopulos

Biological vision systems explore their environment via allocating their visual resources to only the interesting parts of a scene. This is achieved by a selective attention mechanism that controls eye movements. The data thus generated is a sequence of subimages of different locations and thus a sequence of features extracted from those images - referred to as attentional sequence. In higher level visual processing leading to scene cognition, it is hypothesized that the information contained in attentional sequences are combined and utilized by special mechanisms - although still poorly understood. However, developing models of such mechanisms prove out to be crucial - if we are to understand and mimic this behavior in robotic systems. In this paper, we consider the recognition problem and present two approaches to using attentional sequences for recognition: Markovian and evidential reasoning. Experimental results with our mobile robot APES reveal that simple shapes can be modeled and recognized by these methods - using as few as ten fixations and very simple features. For more complex scenes, longer attentional sequences or more sophisticated features may be required for cognition.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B (Cybernetics)  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 6 )