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We describe the basic ideas behind the concept of distributed feedback (DFB) lasers with short optical feedback for the generation of high-frequency self-pulsations and show the theoretical background describing realized devices. It is predicted by theory that the self-pulsation frequency increases with increasing feedback strength. To provide evidence for this, we propose a novel device design which employs an amplifier section in the integrated feedback cavity of a DFB laser. We present results from numerical simulations and experiments. It has been shown experimentally that a continuous tuning of the self-pulsation frequency from 12 to 45 GHz can be adjusted via the control of the feedback strength. The numerical simulations, which are in good accordance with experimental investigations, give an explanation for a self-stabilizing effect of the self-pulsations due to the additional carrier dynamic in the integrated feedback cavity.