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Application of adaptive joint time-frequency algorithm for focusing distorted ISAR images from simulated and measured radar data

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4 Author(s)
Thayaparan, T. ; Surface Radar Sect., Defence Res. Establ. Ottawa, Ont., Canada ; Lampropoulos, G. ; Wong, S.K. ; Riseborough, E.

An adaptive joint time-frequency algorithm has been applied and evaluated for focusing distorted ISAR (inverse synthetic aperture radar) images when the target motion is confined to a two-dimensional plane. It is shown that the adaptive joint time-frequency algorithm provides an effective method of achieving rotational motion compensation for ISAR imaging. Examples provided demonstrate the effectiveness of the adaptive joint time-frequency algorithm with both simulated and experimental ISAR data. Results show that if a target is moving smoothly, standard motion compensation generates a clear image of the target by using the conventional Fourier transform methods. However, when a target performs complex motion such as perturbed random motions, standard motion compensation is not sufficient to generate an acceptable image. In this case, the adaptive joint time-frequency algorithm provides an efficient candidate to resolve the image smearing caused by the time-varying behaviour and leads to a well focused ISAR image when the target motion is confined to a two-dimensional plane. The study also adds insight into the distortion mechanisms that affect the ISAR images of a target in motion

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Radar, Sonar and Navigation, IEE Proceedings -  (Volume:150 ,  Issue: 4 )