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Blind marine seismic deconvolution using statistical MCMC methods

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4 Author(s)
Rosec, O. ; ENST Bretagne, Brest, France ; Boucher, J.-M. ; Nsiri, B. ; Chonavel, T.

In order to improve the resolution of seismic images, a blind deconvolution of seismic traces is necessary, since the source wavelet is not known and cannot be considered as a stationary signal. The reflectivity sequence is modeled as a Gaussian mixture, depending on three parameters (high and low reflector variances and reflector density), on the wavelet impulse response, and on the observation noise variance. These parameters are unknown and must be estimated from the recorded trace, which is the reflectivity convolved with the wavelet, plus noise. Two methods are compared in this paper for the parameter estimation. Since we are considering an incomplete data problem, we first consider maximum likelihood estimation by means of a stochastic expectation maximization (SEM) method. Alternatively, proper prior distributions can be specified for all unknown quantities. Then, a Bayesian strategy is applied, based on a Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) method. Having estimated the parameters, one can proceed to the deconvolution. A maximum posterior mode (MPM) criterion is optimized by means of an MCMC method. The deconvolution capability of these procedures is checked first on synthetic signals and then on the seismic data of the IFREMER ESSR4 campaign, where the wavelet duration blurs the reflectivity, and on the SMAVH high-resolution marine seismic data.

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 3 )