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Most of the research on model-based geoacoustic inversion techniques has concentrated on data collected using moored vertical receiver arrays. However, there are many advantages to considering geoacoustic inversion using a towed horizontal array. Towed arrays are easily deployed from a moving platform; this mobility makes them well suited for surveying large areas for sea-bed properties. Further, if a model-based geoacoustic inversion scheme uses both a towed source and array, the separation between the two can be kept short, which reduces the requirement for range-dependent modeling. Range-independent modeling is used for inverting all the horizontal array data considered in this paper. Using the Inversion Techniques Workshop Benchmark Test Cases, the performance of a horizontal (simulated towed) and vertical arrays are compared and found to be very similar. However, it will be shown that, for Benchmark Test Case 3, where the bathymetry is flat and a hidden bottom intrusion exists, a towed horizontal array is ideal for determining the range-dependent sea-bed properties. The practical advantages of using a towed array are clear and the purpose of this paper is to show that the performance is similar (and in some cases better) than using moored vertical arrays.
Date of Publication: July 2003