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Spectroscopic imaging and the characterization of the autofluorescence properties of human bronchus tissues using UV laser diodes

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3 Author(s)
Kobayashi, M. ; Kagami Memorial Lab. for Mater. Sci. & Technol., Waseda Univ., Tokyo, Japan ; Sawada, R. ; Ueda, Y.

Ultraviolet laser diodes (UV-LD) were used for the excitation source of autofluorescence (AF) measurements and spectroscopic imaging of the AF originating from the human bronchus was obtained. The AF spectra from normal bronchus tissues were measured and a clear AF spectrum was obtained by using a short wavelength (400 nm) laser diode; the overlap of the AF signal and excitation source could be substantially eliminated. In order to study the origin of AF intensity deterioration from bronchus tissue due to the formation of tumor tissues, the fluorescence spectrum was measured for various AF substances under various conditions. The blue AF signal of elastin and NADH solutions, which could not be easily studied by conventional excitation light sources, as well as the green AF became weak by adding lactic acid. The AF spectrum was measured for 512×512 pixels and the intensity mapping as a function of emission wavelength was obtained. Two-dimensional information of the AF signal intensity distribution for a certain wavelength component was measured. The feature originating from a region as small as about 100 μm could be recognized. Numerical calculations of the data were performed and precise features of the AF were revealed.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 2 )