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Conventional tracking approaches assume proximity in space, time and appearance of objects in successive observations. However, observations of objects are often widely separated in time and space when viewed from multiple non-overlapping cameras. To address this problem, we present a novel approach for establishing object correspondence across non-overlapping cameras. Our multicamera tracking algorithm exploits the redundance in paths that people and cars tend to follow, e.g. roads, walk-ways or corridors, by using motion trends and appearance of objects, to establish correspondence. Our system does not require any inter-camera calibration, instead the system learns the camera topology and path probabilities of objects using Parzen windows, during a training phase. Once the training is complete, correspondences are assigned using the maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation framework. The learned parameters are updated with changing trajectory patterns. Experiments with real world videos are reported, which validate the proposed approach.
Date of Conference: 13-16 Oct. 2003