Skip to Main Content
A new approach to automatically extract the main features in color fundus images is proposed. The optic disk is localized by principal component analysis (PCA) and its shape is detected by a modified active shape model (ASM). Exudates are extracted by the combined region growing and edge detection. A fundus coordinate system is further set up based on fovea localization to provide a better description of the features in fundus images. The success rates achieved are 99%, 94%, and 100% for disk localization, disk boundary detection, and fovea localization respectively. The sensitivity and specificity for exudate detection are 100% and 71%. The success of the proposed algorithms can be attributed to utilization of the model-based methods.