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Instruction replication: reducing delays due to inter-PE communication latency

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2 Author(s)
Aggarwal, A. ; ECE Dept., Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA ; Franklin, M.

As feature sizes are becoming smaller, wire delays are becoming very critical. Clustering is a popular decentralization approach to reduce the impact of shrinking technologies on clock speed. In this approach, the centralized instruction window is replaced with multiple smaller windows, called clusters (PEs). The performance of these clustered processors depends on the amount of inter-PE communication and load imbalance incurred by the distribution algorithm used to distribute instructions among the PEs. We investigate a novel approach of reducing the impact of inter-PE communication latency, while preserving good load balance. The basic idea is to selectively replicate instructions in those PEs where their results are required. The replication is done based on heuristics that weigh the potential benefits of replication. We found that with instruction replication, the IPC of a clustered processor is significantly higher than that obtained without instruction replication and is within just 8% of that of a superscalar configuration with a centralized instruction window.

Published in:

Parallel Architectures and Compilation Techniques, 2003. PACT 2003. Proceedings. 12th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

27 Sept.-1 Oct. 2003

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