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GATE: a Geant4-based simulation platform for PET and SPECT integrating movement and time management

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8 Author(s)

GATE, the Geant4 application for tomographic emission, is a simulation platform developed for PET and SPECT. It combines a powerful simulation core, the Geant4 toolkit, with newly developed software components dedicated to nuclear medicine. In particular, it models the passing of time during real acquisitions, allowing it to handle dynamic systems such as decaying source distributions or moving detectors. We present several series of results that illustrate the possibilities of this new platform. The simulation of decaying sources is illustrated on a dual-isotope acquisition with multiple time-frames. Count rate curves taking into account random coincidences and dead-time are shown for a dual-crystal setup and for a small-animal PET scanner configuration. Simulated resolution curves and reconstructed images are shown for rotating PET scanners. Lastly, we present first comparisons of simulated point-spread functions and spectra with experimental results obtained from a small-animal gamma camera prototype.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 5 )