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Measuring the 4:11 effect: the power failure and the Internet

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1 Author(s)
D. McGrath ; Thayer Sch. of Eng., Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH, USA

If you were one of the unfortunate millions affected by the USA Northeast blackout of 2003, then loss of Internet connectivity probably was not your biggest problem. Whether trapped in a subway, stranded in an airport, simmering in unrelenting heat, or just sitting in the dark, 50 million people experienced inconveniences far more trying than loss of E-mail and Web surfing capacities.

Published in:

IEEE Security & Privacy  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 5 )