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We investigate large-signal dynamic characteristics of tunable distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) lasers with different structures. Because of high chirp and complex structures of tunable DBR lasers, it is difficult to accurately analyze large signal chirp and output pulse shapes with analytical models. Therefore, we apply a numerical model based on the time-dependent transfer matrix method to tunable DBR lasers integrated with electroabsorption modulator (EAM) and semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). Using this model, we find a suitable α-parameter range in the Bragg grating section (αBragg-parameter) that produces the tolerable wavelength chirp while maintaining a proper tuning range. To employ the tunable lasers in wavelength division multiplexed networks and improve flexibility of the networks, the tunable lasers should have high output power and low wavelength chirp. According to our simulation results, the EAM section had better be located in between SOA and DBR laser sections to obtain high output power and low wavelength chirp.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2003