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Prime codes are excellent candidates for use in multiwavelength optical code-division multiple-access (O-CDMA) systems. We show that in an O-CDMA system using two-dimensional single-pulse-per-row codes, a single choice of the number of wavelength channels can. accommodate different numbers of users with maximal spectral efficiency. The optimum single-user-detection spectral efficiency of the system can be reached using AND detection. A fixed-hardware network can readily be adapted in response to changes in the number of users and traffic load.