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On scheduling optical packet switches with reconfiguration delay

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2 Author(s)
Xin Li ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., China ; M. Hamdi

Using optical technology for the design of packet switches/routers offers several advantages such as scalability, high bandwidth, power consumption, and cost. However, reconfiguring the optical fabric of these switches requires significant time under current technology (microelectromechanical system mirrors, tunable elements, bubble switches, etc.). As a result, conventional slot-by-slot scheduling may severely cripple the performance of these optical switches due to the frequent fabric reconfiguration that may entail. A more appropriate way is to use a time slot assignment (TSA) scheduling approach to slow down the scheduling rate. The switch gathers the incoming packets periodically and schedules them in batches, holding each fabric configuration for a period of time. The goal is to minimize the total transmission time, which includes the actual traffic-sending process and the reconfiguration overhead. This optical switch scheduling problem is defined in this paper and proved to be NP-complete. In particular, earlier TSA algorithms normally assume the reconfiguration delay to be either zero or infinity for simplicity. To this end, we propose a practical algorithm, ADJUST, that breaks this limitation and self-adjusts with different reconfiguration delay values. The algorithm runs at O(λN2logN) time complexity and guarantees 100% throughput and bounded worst-case delay. In addition, it outperforms existing TSA algorithms across a large spectrum of reconfiguration values.

Published in:

IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 7 )