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The authors introduced an algebraic design framework for space-time coding in flat-fading channels . We extend this framework to design algebraic codes for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) frequency-selective fading channels. The proposed codes strive to optimally exploit both the spatial and frequency diversity available in the channel. We consider two design approaches: The first uses space-time coding and maximum likelihood decoding to exploit the multi-path nature of the channel at the expense of increased receiver complexity. Within this time domain framework, we also propose a serially concatenated coding construction which is shown to offer a performance gain with a reasonable complexity iterative receiver in some scenarios. The second approach utilizes the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing technique to transform the MIMO multipath channel into a MIMO flat block fading channel. The algebraic framework is then used to construct space-frequency codes (SFC) that optimally exploit the diversity available in the resulting flat block fading channel. Finally, the two approaches are compared in terms of decoder complexity, maximum achievable diversity advantage, and simulated frame error rate performance in certain representative scenarios.