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The authors demonstrate single-photon interference over 100 km using a balanced gated-mode photon detector and a plug and play system for quantum key distribution. The visibility with 0.1 photon/pulse was more than 80% after 100 km transmission. This corresponds to the fidelity of a quantum cryptography system of more than 90% and a QBER of less than 10%, satisfying the security criteria.
Date of Publication: 7 Aug. 2003