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Design of antiresonant-reflecting optical waveguide-type vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers using transfer matrix method

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3 Author(s)
C. W. Tee ; Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Nanyang Technol. Univ., Singapore ; C. C. Tan ; S. F. Yu

A simple transfer matrix method is proposed to calculate the radiation losses of a cylindrical antiresonant-reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW). It is found that the planar approximation underestimates the radiation losses but overestimates the design tolerance of the ARROW-type vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). An iteration technique, which is incorporated with the transfer matrix method, is also developed to design ARROW-type VCSELs for minimum radiation losses in a more effective manner.

Published in:

IEEE Photonics Technology Letters  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 9 )