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In this paper, the effect of the nonself-aligned process on the performance variation of a bottom-gate metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) transistor is discussed using a device simulator. The simulation results predict that the nonself-aligned bottom-gate MOS transistor cannot be scaled into the deep submicron regions. A simple fully self-aligned bottom-gate (FSABG) metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) technology is then proposed and developed. A new technique for forming thermal oxide on poly-Si serving as the bottom-gate dielectric is also investigated. It is found that the quality of the oxide on the poly-Si recrystallized by the metal induced uni-lateral crystallization (MIUC) is much higher than that by the solid phase crystallization (SPC). Deep submicron fully self-aligned bottom-gate pMOS transistors are fabricated successfully using the proposed technology. The experimentally measured results indicate the device performances depend strongly on the channel-width, and get comparable to that of a single crystal MOSFET if the channel width is less than 0.5μm. The effects of the channel width on the device performances are discussed. In addition, the experimental results also confirm that the proposed technology has a good control of the channel film thickness.