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JERS SAR interferometry for land subsidence monitoring

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5 Author(s)
Strozzi, T. ; Gamma Remote Sensing, Muri, Switzerland ; Wegmuller, U. ; Werner, C.L. ; Wiesmann, A.
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In this paper, the potential of L-band repeat-pass differential synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry for land subsidence monitoring is evaluated using Japanese Earth Resources Satellite (JERS) SAR data. Bologna, Mexico City, and the Ruhrgebiet are selected as application sites representing slow to fast deformation velocities. The investigation includes feasibility aspects such as data availability, the temporal decorrelation over different landcover classes and the range of useful spatial baselines, an analysis of the achieved deformation accuracy, and considerations on the complementarity to European Remote Sensing satellite (ERS) SAR interferometry and leveling surveys. In spite of the rather limited data availability, land subsidence maps could be generated for the three selected application sites. In contrast to ERS C-band SAR data, JERS L-band interferometry permitted the retrieval of subsidence values over vegetated areas and forest when using interferograms of less than one year acquisition time interval and short baseline. In addition, the longer L-band wavelength was found to be superior in the case of large deformation gradients that lead to phase-unwrapping problems in C-band interferometry.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 7 )