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An extension of stochastic radio channel modeling considering propagation environments with clustered multipath components

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2 Author(s)
Heddergott, R. ; Commun. Technol. Lab., Swiss Fed. Inst. of Technol. Zurich, Switzerland ; Leuthold, P.E.

A novel approach of a parametric stochastic radio channel model describes the dispersive nature of the wave propagation in indoor and outdoor environments with regard to delay and incidence angle. Effects of large-scale fluctuations are considered, too. Channel dispersion is mathematically denoted by the delay-angle spread function which results from the coherent superposition of the contributions arising from a certain number of multipath components (MPC). A classification of the propagation scenarios can be achieved by means of their topological properties. Local parameters defining the instantaneous constellation of the impinging MPC as well as global parameters giving a statistical characterization of the propagation environment (PE) are derived and form the elements of the channel model. This paper focuses on two indoor PE characterized by a line-of-sight (LOS) and a nonline-of-sight (NLOS) connection between the transmitter and receiver, respectively. Measurements in the 24 GHz range (ISM band) are presented to demonstrate the physical properties of the propagation process in both PE and to determine their global parameters. LOS scenarios show "discrete" MPC arising from specular reflections. In case of a NLOS situation the MPC exhibit a clustering pattern due to building and wall structures which can be statistically described by means of a cluster model, an extension of the previously given modeling approach.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 8 )