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A CMOS-MEMS mirror with curled-hinge comb drives

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3 Author(s)
Huikai Xie ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Gainesville, FL, USA ; Yingtian Pan ; Fedder, G.K.

A micromirror achieves up to ±4.7° angular displacement with 18 Vdc by a comb-drive design that uses vertical angled offset of the comb fingers. Structures are made from a combination of CMOS interconnect layers and a thick underlying silicon layer. Electrical isolation of the silicon fingers is realized with a slight silicon undercut etch, which disconnects sufficiently narrow pieces of silicon under the CMOS microstructures. The 1 mm by 1 mm micromirror is made of an approximately 40 μm-thick single-crystal silicon plate coated with aluminum from the CMOS interconnect stack. The mirror has a peak-to-peak curling of 0.5 μm. Fabrication starts with a conventional CMOS process followed by dry-etch micromachining steps. There is no need for wafer bonding and accurate front-to-backside alignment. Such capability has potential applications in biomedical imaging, optical switches, optical scanners, interferometric systems, and vibratory gyroscopes.

Published in:

Microelectromechanical Systems, Journal of  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 4 )