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Multilevel global placement with retiming

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2 Author(s)
Cong, J. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Xin Yuan

Multiple clock cycles are needed to cross the global interconnects for multi-gigahertz designs in nanometer technologies. For synchronous designs, this requires retiming and pipelining of global interconnects. In this paper, we present a practical solution for simultaneous retiming and multilevel global placement for performance optimization, based on the theory and algorithms for sequential timing analysis (Seq-TA). We extend the Seq-TA to handle gates/clusters with multiple outputs and integrate it into a multilevel optimization framework for simultaneous retiming and placement. We also develop two speed-up techniques which enable the Seq-TA to be efficiently integrated into a simulated annealing-based multilevel coarse placement for large-scale designs. Experimental results show that 1. retiming can improve the performance (delay) by 14% on average when it is applied after placement; 2. our approach for simultaneous retiming and placement can outperform the two-step approach (placement followed by retiming) by 10% on average in terms of delay minimization.

Published in:

Design Automation Conference, 2003. Proceedings

Date of Conference:

2-6 June 2003

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