Scheduled System Maintenance on December 17th, 2014:
IEEE Xplore will be upgraded between 2:00 and 5:00 PM EST (18:00 - 21:00) UTC. During this time there may be intermittent impact on performance. We apologize for any inconvenience.
By Topic

The circular homogeneous-ferrite microwave circulator - an asymptotic Green's function and impedance analysis

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
Young, J.L. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA ; Sterbentz, J.W.

A detailed analysis of the circular, homogeneous ferrite microwave circulator is provided. Particular emphasis is on the circulator's Green's function and the impact of the asymptotic term within the Green's function on convergence, data quality, and design methodology. The asymptotic term is shown to be logarithmic, which suggests that the Green's function is weakly singular when the source and observation points occupy the same location. With the Green's function properly understood, two techniques - one analytical and one numerical - are then offered to integrate that function in order to obtain Z-parameter data and, subsequently, S-parameter data. Data are provided to show rapid convergence of all parameters of interest. A small coupling angle approximation is then given for the Z-parameters and, from that approximation, a first-order design equation is obtained that relates the coupling angle to circulator radius. A circulator design example is presented and compared to a design associated with the Wu and Rosenbaum method; the comparison substantiates the small coupling angle approximation and design formula.

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 8 )