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A CMOS output stage based on a complementary common source with an original quiescent current limiting circuit is presented. The quiescent current can be varied over a wide range by means of a control current with no need to modify the transistor aspect ratios. The output stage has been coupled to a conventional complementary input stage to form a rail-to-rail buffer. A prototype with the inclusion of auxiliary pins for biasing and current monitoring purposes has been designed using the 1-μm double-polysilicon BCD3S process of STMicroelectronics. On a single 5-V power supply, the maximum output current is 20 mA. The amplifier, biased for a total power dissipation of 1 mW, exhibits a total harmonic distortion of -58 dB at 1 kHz with 4-V peak-to-peak on a 330-Ω load. Correct operation of the quiescent current limiting circuit has been demonstrated for a minimum supply voltage of 2.2 V.
Date of Publication: Aug. 2003