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Integration of sonar and stereo range data using a grid-based representation

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2 Author(s)
Matthies, L. ; Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA, USA ; Elfes, A.

The authors use occupancy grids to combine range information from sonar and one-dimensional stereo into a two-dimensional map of the vicinity of a robot. Each cell in the map contains a probabilistic estimate of whether it is empty or occupied by an object in the environment. These estimates are obtained from sensor models that describe the uncertainty in the range data. A Bayesian estimation scheme is applied to update the current map using successive range readings from each sensor. The occupancy grid representation is simple to manipulate, treats different sensors uniformly, and models uncertainty in the sensor data and in the robot position. It also provides a basis for motion planning and creation of more abstract object descriptions

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, 1988. Proceedings., 1988 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

24-29 Apr 1988