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Modeling and dimensioning hierarchical storage systems for low-delay video services

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2 Author(s)
Chan, S.-H.G. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Hong Kong Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Kowloon, China ; Tobagi, F.A.

In order to cost-effectively accommodate a large number of titles in a video system, a hierarchical storage system can be used. In this system, not-so-popular video files are stored in a tertiary level such as a disk/tape library. These files are transferred, or "staged," to a secondary level composed of magnetic disks before being streamed to the users. This system overcomes the current limitations in using disk/tape libraries to stream videos and resolves the bandwidth difference between staging and streaming. We present, via analysis, a model of the system and determine the minimum storage and bandwidth required, at each level, to meet a given user delay goal. We also analyze a number of system operations pertaining to whether or not a file is played while it is being staged (i.e., stage-streaming) and whether or not the displayed segments are deleted (i.e., trail-deletion). We show that stage-streaming and trail-deletion can achieve substantially lower bandwidth and storage requirements. In order to further increase the streaming and storage scalability, a distributed storage system can be used where multiple local servers are put close to user pools and get their files from one of the libraries through a network. We extend the models developed to such a system and specify the resource requirements to meet a given delay goal.

Published in:

Computers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 7 )

Date of Publication:

Jul 2003

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